Sigma Lithium (NASDAQ: SGML, TSXV: SGML) has provided an updated Phase 1 feasibility study for its wholly owned Grota do Cirilo project in Minas Gerais, Brazil, host to the the largest lithium hardrock deposit in the Americas.
The Phase 1 study reveals an after-tax net present value of US$1.6 billion, potentially increasing to US$1.9 billion, with an internal rate of return of 424%. The study assumes a base case scenario of 230,000 tonnes (34,000 tonnes lithium carbonate equivalent) of 6% lithium concentrate production per year for a period eight years.
The updated economics demonstrate that Phase 1 is financially robust, even as a standalone
project and before factoring in a potential Phase 2 production expansion, Sigma said. The key factors influencing the study outcome include a high average mill feed grade of 1.55% lithium oxide (mineral reserve grade) and Phase 1 plant DMS (dense medium separation) process recoveries of 60.4%.
The updated Phase 1 capex is US$123.1 million, which is in line with expectations compared to the US$113.6 million estimated in 2019. Sigma remains fully funded to finalize construction of the commercial production plant.
The Phase 2 deposit has the potential for additional production of 220,000 tonnes per year or 33,000 tonnes lithium carbonate-equivalent (LCE), which is estimated to scale up the company’s total annual production to 450,000 tonnes per year (67,000 tonnes LCE) of battery-grade sustainable lithium.
The production expansion potential is based on an initial mineral reserve estimate of 21.8 million tonnes for the Phase 2 deposit and a 30% increase in the Phase 2 mineral resource, as well as additional DMS metallurgical test results that achieved lithium recoveries of approximately 60%.
In total, Sigma has increased its mineral resources to 58.9 million tonnes, including 50.4 million tonnes of measured and indicated resources at 1.40% lithium oxide. Total mineral reserves are estimated at 33.6 million tonnes, including 25.3 million tonnes of proven reserves at an average grade of 1.44% lithium oxide.
According to the company, Phase 2 construction of production plant foundation earth works could commence concurrent with the Phase 1 commissioning. An updated Phase 2 pre-feasibility study with combined Phase 1 and Phase 2 economics is expected in the second quarter of 2022.
For more information, visit www.sigmalithiumresources.com.